The Department of Homeland Security’s cybersecurity agency recently responded to a ransomware attack on a natural gas compression facility that led the organization to shut down its operations for two days, the agency said Tuesday.
The hackers were able to encrypt data on the organization’s IT and “operational technology” network, a broad term for a network that oversees industrial processes. No longer able to read data coming from across its enterprise, the facility shut down its various assets, including its pipelines, for two days.
The incident serves as a warning for industrial companies of the ways that ransomware can impact operations.
“Although the victim’s emergency response plan did not specifically consider cyberattacks, the decision was made to implement a deliberate and controlled shutdown to operations,” says the advisory from DHS’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency.
The unnamed gas facility is back up and running, but CISA said it was releasing a report to help other organizations protect themselves against similar attacks. U.S. lawmakers have previously called on DHS, and its Transportation and Security Agency specifically, to do more to help protect pipeline operators from cyberthreats. In April 2018, a cyberattack struck accounting software used by a Texas-based owner of more than 71,000 miles of pipelines, disrupting a customer transaction service used by the company.
In the incident flagged Tuesday by CISA, the attackers knocked offline human machine interfaces (HMIs), the dashboards that connect operators to industrial equipment. They did not, however, affect the more sensitive programmable logic controllers (PLC), the ruggedized computers that monitor and control industrial systems.
“At no time did the threat actor obtain the ability to control or manipulate operations,” CISA said. It did not say who was responsible for the attack or if the victim paid the ransom.
Beyond this one incident, CISA is sending a signal to critical infrastructure operators that a failure to plan for ransomware can be costly.
“The victim cited gaps in cybersecurity knowledge and the wide range of possible scenarios as reasons for failing to adequately incorporate cybersecurity into emergency response planning,” the advisory says.